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JAMB Economics Syllabus 2024/2025: Topics & Focus Areas

JAMB Syllabus for Economics: A Comprehensive Guide | This article is dedicated to the latest JAMB syllabus for Economics. Let’s begin by understanding what a syllabus is. Essentially, a syllabus is a document that outlines all the topics to be covered in an examination or class. In the context of JAMB, the syllabus comprises a list of topics that students are required to study in preparation for the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME).

JAMB Economics Syllabus

If you are gearing up for the UTME conducted by the Joint Admission Matriculation Board, fear not. studymaterials.com.ng is here to provide all the necessary guidance to help you excel, excluding any form of expos.

For those participating in the upcoming UTME and in need of the outlined topics for Jamb Economics preparation, this article is tailored for you. Follow these steps before obtaining the 2024/2025 Jamb Form:

  1. Choose a Course: Decide on the course you wish to pursue.
  2. Conduct Research on the Course: Explore and gather information about the chosen course.
  3. Check the O’level Requirement: Verify the O’level requirements for the selected course.
  4. Verify JAMB Subject Combination: Finally, confirm the JAMB subject combination for the course. If Economics is part of the subject combination, you are good to proceed.

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JAMB Economics Syllabus 2024/2025 General Objectives:

The primary objectives of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Economics are as follows:

  1. Demonstrate sufficient knowledge and understanding of the basic concepts, tools and their general applications to economic analysis;
  2. Describe major economic activities – production, distribution and consumption;
  3. Identify and appraise the basic and current economic problems of society;
  4. Develop the competence to proffer solutions to economic problems identified.

This guide is designed to assist candidates in their preparation for the JAMB examination, ensuring they achieve the outlined course objectives. Best of luck in your JAMB Economics preparation.

Jamb Economics Syllabus 2024/2025

1. Economics as a science

Topics:

  1. Basic Concepts: Wants, Scarcity, choice, scale of preference, opportunity cost, Rationality, production, distribution, consumption.
  2. Economic problems of; What, how, and for whom to produce and efficiency of resource use.
    • Application of PPF to solution of economic problems.

Study Objectives:

You should be able to:

  • compare various concepts in economics and their applications;
  • interpret graphs/schedules in relation to the concepts;
  • identify economic problems;
  • proffer solutions to economic problems

2. Economic Systems

Topics:

  1. Types; free enterprise centrally planned and mixed economies
  2. Solutions to economic problems under different systems
  3. Contemporary issues in economic systems (economic reforms e.g deregulation, banking sector consolidation, cash policy reform).

CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD JAMB SYLLABUS FOR ECONOMICS PDF

Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • compare the various economic systems;
  • apply the knowledge of economic systems to contemporary issues in Nigeria
  • proffer solutions to economic problems in different economic systems.

3. Methods and Tools of Economic Analysis

Topics:

  1. Scientific Approach:
    • inductive and deductive methods
    • positive and normative reasoning
  2. Basic Tools
    • tables, charts and graphs
    • measures of central tendency: mean, median and mode, and their applications.
    • measures of dispersion; variance, standard deviation, range and their applications;
    • merits and demerits of the tools.

Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • distinguish between the various forms of reasoning;
  • apply these forms of reasoning to real life situations;
  • use the tools to interpret economic data;
  • analyse economic data using the tools;
  • assess the merits and demerits of the tools.

4. The Theory of Demand

Topics:

  1. Meaning and determinants of demand
    • demand schedules and curves
    • the distinction between change in quantity demanded and change in demand.
  2. Types of demand: Composite, derived, competitive and joint demand:
  3. Types, nature and determinants of elasticity and their measurement – price, income and cross elasticity of demand:
  4. Importance of elasticity of demand to consumers, producers and government.

Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • identify the factors determining demand;
  • interpret demand curves from demand schedules;
  • differentiate between change in quantity demanded and change in demand;
  • compare the various types of demand and their interrelationships;
  • relate the determinants to the nature of elasticity;
  • compute elasticities;
  • interpret elasticity coefficients in relation to real life situations.

5. The Theory of Consumer Behavior

Topics:

  1. Basic Concepts:
    • utility (cardinal, ordinal, total average and marginal utilities)
    • indifference curve and budget line.
  2. Diminishing marginal utility and the law of demand.
  3. Consumer equilibrium using the indifference curve and marginal analyses.
  4. Effects of shift in the budget line and the indifference curve.
  5. Consumer surplus and its applications.

Study Objectives:

You should be able to:

  • appraise the various utility concepts
  • apply the law of demand using the marginal utility analysis
  • use indifference curve and marginal analyses to determine consumer equilibrium
  • associate the income and substitution effects
  • apply consumer surplus to real-life situations.

6. The Theory of Supply

Topics:

  1. Meaning and determinants of supply
    • Supply schedules and supply curves
    • the distinction between change in quantity supplied and change in supply
  2. Types of Supply: Joint/complementary, competitive and composite
  3. Elasticity of Supply: determinants, measurements, nature and applications

7. The Theory of Price Determination

Topics:

  1. The concepts of market and price
  2. Functions of the price system
  3. Equilibrium price and quantity in product and factor markets
    • Price legislation and its effects
  4. The effects of changes in supply and demand on equilibrium price and quantity.

8. The Theory of Production

Topics:

  1. Meaning and types of production
  2. Concepts of production and their interrelationships (TP, AP, MP and the law of variable proportion).
  3. Division of labour and specialization
  4. Scale of Production: Internal and external economies of scale and their implications.
  5. Production functions and returns to scale
  6. Producers’ equilibrium isoquant – isocost and marginal analyses.
  7. Factors affecting productivity.

9. Theory of Costs and Revenue

Topics:

  1. The concepts of cost: Fixed, Variable, Total Average and Marginal
  2. The concepts of revenue: Total, average and marginal revenue;
  3. Accountants’ and Economists’ notions of cost
  4. Short-run and long-run costs
  5. The marginal cost and the supply curve of a firm.

Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • explain the various cost concepts
  • differentiate between accountants’ and economists’ notions of costs
  • interpret the short-run and long-run costs curves
  • establish the relationship between marginal cost and supply curve.
  • explain the various revenue concepts.

10. Market Structures

Topics:

  1. Perfectly competitive market:
    • Assumptions and characteristics;
    • Short-run and long-run equilibrium of a perfect competitor;
  2. Imperfect Market:
    • Pure monopoly, discriminatory monopoly and monopolistic competition.
    • Short-run and long-run equilibrium positions.
  3. Break-even/shut-down analysis in the various markets.

11. National Income

Topics:

  1. The Concepts of GNP, GDP, NI, NNP
  2. National Income measurements and their problems
  3. Uses and limitations of national income estimates
  4. The circular flow of income (two and three-sector models)
  5. The concepts of consumption, investment and savings
  6. The multiplier and its effects
  7. Elementary theory of income determination and equilibrium national income.

12. Money and Inflation

Topics:

  1. Types, characteristics and functions of money
  2. Demand for money and the supply of money
  3. Quantity Theory of money (Fisher equation)
  4. The value of money and the price level
  5. Inflation: Types, measurements, effects and control
  6. Deflation: Measurements, effects and control.

13. Financial Institutions

Topics:

  1. Types and functions of financial institutions (traditional, central bank, mortgage banks, merchant banks, insurance companies, building societies);
  2. The role of financial institutions in economic development;
  3. Money and capital markets
  4. Financial sector regulations
  5. Deposit money banks and the creation of money
  6. Monetary policy and its instruments
  7. Challenges facing financial institutions in Nigeria.

14. Public Finance

Topics:

  1. Meaning and objectives
  2. Fiscal policy and its instruments
  3. Sources of government revenue (taxes royalties, rents, grants and aids)
  4. Principles of taxation
  5. Tax incidence and its effects
  6. The effects of public expenditure
  7. Government budget and public debts
  8. Revenue allocation and resource control in Nigeria.

15. Economic Growth and Development

Topics:

  1. Meaning and scope
  2. Indicators of growth and development
  3. Factors affecting growth and development
  4. Problems of development in Nigeria
  5. Development planning in Nigeria.

16. Agriculture in Nigeria

Topics:

  1. Types and features;
  2. The role of agriculture in economic development;
  3. Problems of agriculture;
  4. Effects of agricultural policies and their effects;
  5. Instability in agricultural incomes (causes, effects and solutions).

17. Industry and Industrialization

Topics:

  1. Concepts and effects of location and localization of industry in Nigeria;
  2. Strategies and Industrialization in Nigeria;
  3. Industrialization and economic development in Nigeria;
  4. Funding and management of business organization;
  5. Factors determining the size of firms.

Study Objectives

Candidates should be able to:

  • differentiate between location and localization of industry;
  • identify the factors influencing the location and localization of industry;
  • examine the problems of industrialization;
  • appraise some industrialization strategies;
  • examine the role of industry in economic development.

18. Natural Resources and the Nigerian Economy

Topics:

  1. Development of major natural resources (petroleum, gold, diamond, timber etc).
  2. Contributions of the oil and the non-oil sectors to the Nigerian economy.
  3. Linkage effects.
  4. Upstream/downstream of the oil sector.
  5. The role of NNPC and OPEC in the oil sector.
  6. Challenges facing natural resources exploitation.

19. Business Organizations

Topics:

  1. Private enterprises (e.g. sole-proprietorship, partnership, limited liability companies and cooperative societies)
  2. Problems of private enterprises;
  3. Public enterprises and their problems;
  4. Funding and management of business organizations;
  5. Factors determining the size of firms;
  6. Privatization and Commercialization as solutions to the problems of public enterprises.

20. Population

Topics:

  1. Meaning and theories;
  2. Census: importance and problems.
  3. Size and growth: over-population, under- population and optimum population.
  4. Structure and distribution;
  5. Population policy and economic development.

21. International Trade

Topics:

  1. Meaning and basis for international trade (absolute and comparative costs etc)
  2. Balance of trade and balance of payments: problems and corrective measures;
  3. Composition and direction of Nigeria’s foreign trade;
  4. Exchange rate: meaning, types, and determination.

Study Objectives:

You should be able to:

  • examine the basis for international trade.
  • differentiate between absolute and comparative advantages;
  • distinguish between balance of trade and balance of payments and their corrective measures;
  • highlight the problems of balance of payments and their corrective measures;
  • examine the composition and direction of Nigeria’s foreign trade;
  • identify the types of exchange rates;
  • examine how exchange rates are determined.

22. International Economic Organizations

Topics:

  • Roles and relevance of international organization e.g. ECOWAS, AU, EU, ECA, IMF, EEC, OECD, World Bank, IBRD, WTO, ADB and UNCTAD, etc to Nigeria.

Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • identify the various economic organizations and their functions;
  • evaluate their relevance to the Nigerian economy

23. Factors of Production and their Theories

Topics:

  1. Types, features, and rewards;
  2. Determination of wages, interest, and profits;
  3. Theories: marginal productivity theory of wages and liquidity preference theory;
  4. Factor mobility and efficiency;
  5. Unemployment and its solutions

Study Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • identify the types; features and rewards of factors;
  • analyse the determination of wages, interest, and profits;
  • interpret the marginal productivity of liquidity preference theories
  • examine factors mobility and efficiency;
  • examine the types and causes of unemployment in Nigeria;
  • suggest solutions to unemployment in Nigeria.

CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD JAMB SYLLABUS FOR ECONOMICS PDF

CLICK HERE FOR JAMB SYLLABUS (OTHER SUBJECTS)
Source: https://ibass.jamb.gov.ng

It is advised that you read through the topics listed here as they will aid in your more focused study and reading for the JAMB Economics exam. That’s all for now. If you have any questions, please ask us in the comment section below because we understand you might have a few.

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